October 19, 2017

Risky drinking is rising rapidly in the US

12 August 2017, 02:54 | Winifred Adams

High-risk drinking increases substantially among some groups in the US, study says

A new US study has found that the rate of alcoholism among American adults especially the elderly women and minorities climbed by nearly 50 percent in the first decade of the 2000's

"These findings portend increases in many chronic comorbidities in which alcohol use has a substantial role", the researchers write.

The study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, found that the largest increase was seen in the number of people with AUDs overall.

The study's authors characterize the findings as a serious and overlooked public health crisis, noting that alcoholism is a significant driver of mortality from a cornucopia of ailments: "fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, liver cirrhosis, several types of cancer and infections, pancreatitis, type 2 diabetes, and various injuries".

The study, which was conducted by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and reported by Time, compared two groups of people from the years 2001-2002 and then 2012-2013.

Though the nation's focus may be turned to the deadly opioid epidemic, a new study has discovered that the use of another prevalent drug is also on the rise: alcohol.

The study, sponsored by a federal agency for alcohol research, examined how drinking patterns changed between 2002 and 2013, based on in-person surveys of tens of thousands of USA adults.

The research team didn't give a reason for the spike in alcoholism, but said the increase came about as it became more socially acceptable for women to drink. The proportion Americans developing alcohol dependence, it said could be considered a "public health crisis".

Library to distribute eclipse glasses August 13
If you look at the sun without protective eyewear the solar radiation and thermal energy from the sun can burn the retinal tissue. Whatever type of eye protection you decide to use, make sure you follow instructions properly.

Mattis: US Wants Diplomatic Solution With N. Korea
President Donald Trump's first order to him in December was to ready the country's missile defenses and nuclear deterrents. A "grossly overmatched" North Korea "would lose" any conflict it starts, U.S.

HTC U11 Life Leaks - Little Brother To The HTC U11
HTC , the Taiwanese smartphone maker, is apparently planning to launch a new smartphone under its newly unveiled U-series. The device also equipped with 128GB of internal storage, which can be further expandable up to 2TB via microSD card.

If you're an American and you drink alcohol, you're not alone.

But high-risk and problem drinking increased far more dramatically.

A separate study looking at differences between the two federal surveys found that the disparities are likely caused by how each survey asks about alcohol disorders: it found that the NESARC questionnaire used in the current study is a "more sensitive instrument" that leads to a "more thorough probing" of the alcohol use disorder criteria. High-risk drinking grew from 9.7 percent to 12.6 percent. This is especially true among women, older adults, racial/ethnic minorities, and the socioeconomically disadvantaged.

During the same time period, the incidence of alcohol use disorder rose from 8.5 percent to 12.7 percent. The disorder is determined by such symptoms as alcohol interfering with a person's home or work life, suffering withdrawal symptoms after abstaining from alcohol and being unable to cut down on or stop drinking, among others. Death rates from cirrhosis increased between 2009 and 2013, which hasn't happened since the early 1970s, she says.

Though the study's authors note that their findings have some limitations - they did not survey anyone from homeless or incarcerated populations, for instance, which could mean they potentially underestimated the overall rates of alcohol use - the study notes that its findings are in line with other similar research. Alcohol is widely available and advertisements send the message that "you cannot imagine that anybody can exist without alcohol", he says. They also specify that those factors could be categorized in many different ways, be it through societal pressures, environmental circumstances, or individual situations. In Canada, there is a minimum price for alcohol, and when that price has gone up, health problems and hospitalizations related to alcohol have gone down, he says. Plus, the authors also highlighted the financial burden that's associated with heavy drinkers.

Respondents with only a high school education reported a 57.8 percent increase in number of AUDs, and those who made less than $20,000 yearly reported a 65.9 percent increase in the disorders. In other words, the women are just catching up to the men. "Policymakers and health professionals need to be aware of this, too".

Other News

Trending Now

Marine Corps MV-22 Ospreys cleared to fly again after deadly crash
An MV-22 Osprey crashed off the eastern coast of Australia on Saturday, leaving three U.S. Last weekend, a Marine Corps MV-22 Osprey crashed off the coast of Australia.

Netflix, Inc. (NASDAQ:NFLX) Stock Rating Reaffirmed by JP Morgan Chase & Co
Equities research analysts anticipate that Netflix, Inc . will post $1.19 earnings per share for the current fiscal year. ILLEGAL ACTIVITY NOTICE: This news story was posted by Transcript Daily and is the sole property of of Transcript Daily.

Newborn baby found in grassy area cover in ants
The newborn will remain in the hospital's custody until custody proceedings are finished, Child Protective Services on Friday. A crying infant was discovered abandoned in the bushes of an apartment complex in Harris County Thursday morning.

U.S. colonel: Tough battle ahead in Syria's Raqqa
The US-led coalition of more than 70 members is conducting airstrikes , ground-based and rocket-propelled artillery fire against Daesh in Syria and Iraq.